Robert Mosolgo

To my knowledge, batman.js is not maintained. For that reason, I don't suggest that you use it for a new project!

Model Transactions in Batman.js

Model::transaction provides a deep-copied, “shadow-realm” version of a record which is great for rendering into edit forms. Any changes made to it can be saved (which updates the original record too), or just forgotten.

Here’s the problem transactions exist to solve:

  • You want your user to edit something
  • You render a record into an edit form
  • User edits the form
  • User clicks back button
  • User is surprised to see that the record’s changes were “saved” (In fact, only the in-memory record was changed – the change wasn’t sent to the server)

Model::transaction solves this problem by returning a deep copy of the record at hand which can be:

  • saved, just like a normal record, in which case changes are applied to the original
  • forgotten, by simply navigating away
  • applied, which applies changes to the original, but doesn’t update the server.

The name “transaction” hearkens back to database transactions where changes aren’t applied unless they’re all successful. In the same way, changes to a Batman.Transaction aren’t applied unless you explicitly save or applyChanges.

Setting up a Transaction

To set up a transaction, call transaction on the record at hand:

class MyApp.RaceHorsesController extends MyApp.ApplicationController
  edit: (params) ->
    MyApp.RaceHorse.find, (err, record) ->
      deepCopy = record.transaction()
      @set 'raceHorse', deepCopy

Transaction’s Deep Copy

A transaction is actually an instance of the original model. It differs in 2 ways:

  • It isn’t added to the loaded set (aka “the memory map”)
  • It has Batman.Transaction mixed in, which defines some new functions and overrides Model::save

Model::transaction peforms a deep copy of a Batman.Model by iterating over the model’s attributes hash. The attributes hash is where encoded properties are stored (and other properties, unless you define an accessor that says otherwise).

Batman.js copies the attributes hash into the transaction by handling each value:

  • If the value is a Batman.Model, it’s also copied with Model::transaction
  • If the value is a Batman.AssociationSet, it’s cloned into a Batman.TransactionAssociationSet and its members are copied with Model::transaction
  • Otherwise, the value is set into the transaction’s attributes.

Under the hood, batman.js tracks which objects it has already cloned. That way, it doesn’t get thrown into an infinite loop.

If a mutable object is copied from the original to the transaction, batman.js issues a warning. This is because it can’t isolate changes. The transaction and the original are both refering to the same object, so changes to one will also affect the other. Mutable objects include:

  • Dates (although mutating dates is such a pain in JS, I doubt this will cause a problem)
  • Arrays
  • Batman.Set, Batman.Hash, etc
  • any JavaScript object

Saving a Transaction

To save a transaction, call save on it. This will:

  • validate the transaction (with client-side validations)
  • apply changes to the original model
  • save the transaction (ie, the storage operation will be performed with the transaction, not the original)
  • pass the original to the save callback

This means a transaction behaves just like a normal model. You can save it like this:

  saveRaceHorse: (raceHorse) ->
    raceHorse.isTransaction # => true, just checking (err, record) ->
      if !err

Note: at time of writing, transaction does not account for server-side validations. There is an open issue for this on github.

Forgetting a Transaction

If you don’t want changes on transaction to be applied, just leave it alone.

  • It’s not in the loaded set, so it won’t intefere with your app’s other data.
  • The original record has no references to it.
  • It’s still set on your controller (probably), but it will get overrided next time your user edits something.

Once it’s released from the controller, it will probably just be garbage-collected when the browser gets a chance.

Applying Changes without Saving

Transactions have an applyChanges function that updates the original record without performing any storage operations.


You might use this if your save operation is really complicated and you need to control it by hand.